Ivano-Frankivsk lies in the Precarpathian plain where fast waters of the Nadvirnianska Bystrytsia and Solotvynska Bystrytsia join together. Ivano-Frankivsk is the regional center and one of the largest economic and cultural centers in the west of Ukraine.
The first mention of the city named Stanyslaviv refers to 1662 when the city received a Magdeburg right. The city was founded as a fortress to protect people from Crimean Tatars’ raids and a stronghold of the Pototskyis – Polish landlords on Halych lands. Many times the fortress was besieged by Turkish and Russian troops.
Stanyslaviv was originated from the Market square and City Hall, which can be seen today having been modified. The Renaissance architectural ideas of “the ideal city” were reflected in the construction that followed. These ideas were used for planning a middle part of the city, its streets and churches. Because of the originality the of architecture sometimes our city is called “small Lvov”.
In 18-19 centuries the city was a big trading and manufacturing center of Poland and from 1772 – of Austria (since 1867 – of Austro-Hungarian Empire). Except Ukrainians, a certain contribution in development of crafts and culture was made by Polish, Jews and Armenians whose national communities were quite numerous.
In 1848 the revolution woke public life. In Stanislav there was created “Rus Rada” (alongside with Polish). They organized a squadron of National Guards and started printing the first newspaper. Ukrainian deputies were elected to the newly established Parliament.
The second half of the 19th century is marked by fast development of industrial relations and creating enterprises. The railway built in 1866 made some impact, too. At that time the locomotive repair factory, distillery, leather plant “Plai” were established.
In 1884 a prominent public character and writer N. Kobrynska conducted constituent assembly of the “Rus Woman Society” (later called “Ukrainian Woman Society”). This initiated the organized woman movement in Ukraine.
During the World War in 1915-1916 there were cruel battles over the city. Part of historic buildings was destroyed and then restored in new architectural forms.
In 1918 after break-up of Austro-Hungarian Empire there was created the West Ukrainian People’s Republic.
Stanyslaviv was the capital of the Republic in January-May 1919. Such prominent public figures as M. Hrushevskyi, V. Vynnychenko, S. Petliura, Y. Konovalets used to come here at that time.
During the World War II the city was occupied by fascist troops for three years (1941-1944). The underground representatives of the Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists – Ukrainian Insurgent Army were in charge of the struggle with occupants. The hearts of people are still aching when they recall the public execution of 27 patriots in the center of the city in November 1943. In Stanyslaviv and its suburbs fascists killed more than 100 thousand peaceful people in total the city in November 1943. In Stanyslaviv and its suburbs fascists killed more than 100 thousand peaceful people in total.
In 1962 the city celebrated its 300-anniversary. It was renamed after a famous writer and public
Ivano-Frankivsk is a large center of mechanical engineering, wood-processing, chemical and light industry. The Precarpathian University named after V. Stefanyk, the Ivano-Frankivsk State Technical University of Oil and Gas, the Medical Academy, the Spiritual Institute of the Greek-Catholic Church train their students to become skilled specialists. There is bus and railway communication with Bulgaria, Moldova, Poland, Russia, Romania and Baltic countries. Planes come and go to Manchester (Great Britain), Moscow (Russia).
Ivano-Frankivsk has a population of 240 thousand people.
The list of Ukraine Airway Companies: Ukraine International Airlines, Volare Airways, Air Travel, Lvov Airways, Niclolayev Airways, Crimea Airways, Aerostar, Donbas Airways, Aerosvit, Ukrainian Cargo Airways, Ukrcopter Airways.
The list of Ukraine Airports: Berdyansk Airport, Borispol International Airport (Kiev), Vinnitsa Airport, Dnepropetrovsk Airport, Donetsk Airport, Zaporozhzhye Airport, Ivano-Frankovsk Airport, Izmail Airport, Kerch Airport, Zulyany Airport (Kiev), Kirovograd Airport, Kramatorsk Airport, Kryvyy Rih Airport, Lugansk Airport, Lvov Airport, Mariupol Airport, Nikolayev International Airport, Odessa International Airport, Poltava Airport, Rovno Airport, Severdonoetsk Airport, Simferopol International Airport, Sumy Airport, Ternopol Airport, Uzgorod Airport, Kharkov Airport, Kherson Airport, Cherkassy Airport, Chernovtsy Airport, Chernigov Airport
The list of the main Ukraine bus and railway directions: Lugansk, Donetsk, Sumy, Nikolaev, Poltava, Dnepropetrovsk, Kerch, Zaporozhe, Kherson, Kirovograd, Cherkassy, Kiev, Chernigov, Odessa, Vinnitsa, Zhitomir, Chernovtsy, Khmelnitsky, Rovno, Ivano – Frankovsk, Ternopol, Lutsk, Lvov, Uzhgorod, Melitopol. Crimea: Simferopol, Sevastopol, Sudak, Evpatoria, Feodosia, Yalta, Bakhchisarai, Alupka, Alushta, Jankoi, Kharkov.
Beautiful Russian/Ukraine Women Part II
Vox Populi with Daryna Shevchenko: What is the status of women in Ukraine as we approach March 8?
What is the status of women in Ukraine as we approach the March 8 Women’s Day holiday?