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How does a revolutionary prospect replace capitalism without modification to the theories of Marxism, Leninism and Maoism in the world?
How does both the Marxist and capitalist philosophical crisis get stimulus from the each other? (6 of 10)
In all ancient civilizations, the expeditions of the kings with army contingents and supply for winning the other’s territories were the main activity of the kings who want to survive in their kingdoms as well as feeding the mighty warrior class (under their conditions) for some years together in this kind of business.
This tendency was in continuation from the ancient kingdoms of the Ethiopians, Egyptians, Babylonians, Israelis, Greeks, Romans, Asians, Indians, Acadians, Romans, Europeans, British, Germans, Italians, Russians and Americans. This kind of winning territories of others could be treated as royal sport from ancient period to the present invasion of Iraq and Afghanistan, on different names and on different justifications as a usual activity of the kings from the time of human settlements in the river areas of African, Iraq, and Egyptian, Israeli and Indus civilizations through the little or strong contingent of army what we name to it army of the kings engaged in expeditions and making his army men to settle there in the local populations in their every expedition.
And it is the common rule for all those who are and were in such posts or in such positions to fulfill the needs of the people of the specified territories in the world. No state is exempted in its earliest ancient history. But after World War 2 Two states were in such play of winning territories in the presence of their forces by elevating the local and comfortable leader as a king’ during the cold war times. The royal or capitalist or the slave state’s role in state and as its affair was and it to wage war for its people basing upon its resources and its needs. It means it is wrong to say that the capitalist societies are and were only waged wars against the other poor and weak states in the history of the past.
The roman empires rise and decline is the finest example in the history of the state in the world civilizations. British Empire which was once in rise through the widening of its territories in the Europe, Asia, and in America and after some time of its rule over the area where the no sun set was known to its people began to decline rapidly and now confined to its very little territory. The laws of invasions and sanctions of the waging wars against any state for protection of the other state in the global context are vested in the hands of United Nations and in its security council but territorial status quo are continuing after the defeat of the fascist forces in the ww2.
The word imperialism had widely become known in last nineteenth and twentieth centuries by sensing the rise of competition for the world markets and colonies to sell their surplus foods as the latest term and trend of the capitalism in the map of the world market and its economy. In this regard, john Hobson in his writings he high lighted the characteristics of the imperialism and in later time the great revolutionary leader v. I. Lenin wrote his famous theory on imperialism as” Imperialism: The Highest Stage of Capitalism” and published in 1917. in essence, the true sense with meaning of plundering the other state’s and erasing the boundaries in all ancient, medieval and in modern form of state in all the two social and economic phases from African to modern Chinese have made a common interest in their self and their territorial integrity and peace in their respective states that could serve at least two essential purposes of fulfilling the needs and requirements of their states by directly plundering other’s assets and wealth along with men and women in medieval centuries and in modern world and on the results of the capitalist states essentially and unavoidably these states needed the colonies and markets.
Consequently they pushed out from the edge of its own states due to the terms of the market and its consequential inability of survival. Only development we can see in such expansionism in the capitalist societies and its leader state had to oblige the needs and requirements of their own markets and the products of their people to see for its sale in the global areas for their survival in these progressive capitalism too in all most all states, within the meaning of the capitalist states, otherwise, it could not applicable to them. For example in India just two decades ago which is in the list of the developing states in the world, and now also in the same list it climbed up to some high level in the global scale.
Moreover, it has been extended its markets into many other states including in United States, Canada, and in the Great Britain where the Indian corporate leaders have contributed to economy these states, besides, srilanka, Nepal, and other small states in few sectors. In exact sense India is in the list of the imperialist states and no wonder if it is emerges in next four decades to the position of third or fourth in the list of the developed states in the world. It is not possible to change the name of an individual Edmund Burk, according to his age, when he was five years, Edmund Burk, five years old, when he attain twenty years old, we could not call Mr. Edmund Burk, twenty years old and when he crossed forty years, we could not call him Edmund Burk , forty years old. Like wise it is not possible and also not correct and scientific way to understand any individual through his age and on his growth.
At the same time the human nature is global and it could not be confined to any limits on any individual in the world just because he is different from the family of animals. In addition he had the power of thinking, understanding, following, leading and discovering. Moreover he created his own food and lives on it on his own unlike animals. At the same time, the states with its economic potentiality, and nature of the economy under the leadership of human leadership which, could determine its destination in any way as has been already proved in the case of soviet Russia and in the case of Israel too. Russia which was liberated in 1917 and at the time of ww2 and in later period it was emerged to the highest level in the world. And soviet Russia took a lead role in the global politics against the United States, though it has been called and regarded ad the socialist colonial and expansionist state by the Chinese leadership in the context of the Joseph Stalin and Mao, due to the economic conditions of the state even under the leadership of the Stalin. It proved that the concept of the state whatever it may have religious, secular, democratic, Islamic, Christian, Hinduism, Buddhist, or Hebrew on one side. On the other side either revolutionary or fascist whatever the state contain the cover and tag to it, it would never give different results, but it makes only little difference in the collection of the tributes from other states and through imposition of higher taxes on different name upon its own people.
The functioning style of the state, has gained through its prioritized issues on its domestic affairs and developed to such a stage that would never be cased damage to its basic structure completely but a small jerks and blows would never stand in opposite to its alternative positions within itself unless such structures in any state could not succeed in the world. the united states, itself is the case, the global media and al most all political parties are claimed in high voices that the recession in the united states in high in more than the level of the great depression of nineteen thirties in last century, but it now appeared it is recovering from its crisis temporarily for a while, because the state would never make all the things in the society and the people are responsible to all such economic down falls. They are much lazy in preparing their own food in their homes, as an indication of the depending habits on others for all the ready made foods there. The Chinese food upon which they are depending and getting the daily packs from the ready made stores for their daily foods from china due to only laziness in preparing their own food for their own. No wonder if, Chinese people take lead over United States in coming three to four decades in all the ways and its economy would be made dependent on them.
The super power, with its global alliances in the interest of few states on any name they would wage wars by getting sanction of the United Nations against any state for its resources for which no one would dare to stop them from such moves against the super power and against its global alliances. The cold war between the United States, and u.s.s.r for some time gave the assurance to poor and weak states for their security and protection. In the absence of the alternative force against the United States and its alliances made them to move forward on their will like a business of plundering the natural resources of the mid-east and Afghanistan.
In the democratic form of government, the dual party system always proved beneficial to check the powers of the government which could be checked in any undesirable action by the strong opposition party in any country. In every political system there is always an opposition is needed to check the power to save the people from the misuse of the people’s aspirations. Now the world is in only one’s hand, and its capitalism, is widening into every space of the every system, and moving further to replace with its new formulations in its laws of the working relations. After emergence of IT sector, the Indian working hours are disappeared from the lives of the young in India. They used to attend the corporate office in the Indian night shifts. Consequently new food habits, new friendships, new tastes in associating with the others in their friends’ circle, new residential areas, new needs and new life are emerged to them in a new way which made us to look these guys in the new covers with new tags in the outlets of the global corporate markets in the Indian society.
I do not object all this newness in the Indian society, but it is fateful that they immediately returned back to old packs and to the tags again. I saw many who flourished so such a high through the little and small period of education in earning to the new heights have lost their smiles within five to seven years of the period, during which they were taken lakhs of rupees as loans from banks on the flats, now turned back to the position that they did not expect in their lives. The bankers got back their all those from them on the inability of the repayments to them. They looks like that they lost the smiles forever in their faces.
Many those who do not know the economic laws of the market and on the society where the state had been emerged to the role of “market leadership” through its treasure and power in balancing the economy for a while with little subsidies, thought to desist the other traditional business sources and academic education other than the studying the IT only. The chief minister of Andhra Pradesh, Sri Nara Chandra Babu Naidu, now he is ex-chief minister asked the people leave the agricultural field and adopt the IT field permanently. Now the position is changed again and the people began to understand that the permanent market for any thing is not possible all the way to depend and believe.
It was also very strange to understand the role of communist parties in India which were demanded the state and government of India to use the machines in the constructions and other governmental works in the water, roads, drainage, in bridges, and in all such major and minor works on the ground of the machines reduces manual labor and the labor in India could not live without work. The social changes with the speed of scientific advancements no one would ever be stopped either by the state or by the political parties on any name and in one’s interests. Like wise it is not avoided but it is continuing so heavily because of time limit agreements with the private corporate contractors at the high level bidding system at state and central level in India.
The state in its nature, it is filled with the human beings in an open and frank estimation about the role of humans in every sphere of the state to continue the duties on the assigned task with specific rules. In other words, the sphere of the state which is the cover only, in which all the human beings would resume their duties according to its laws under specified terms. Moreover it is not a mindless and heartless machine in the society but it the power tag and the cover and permanent in nature. That is why the British saying is” king died, long live the king”. It indicates the king who is dead in general but the post of the king should live. Hence the role of the king is permanent and the king by who is a human being normally dies like a common human being. On only this reason the people in the society looks at the seat of the king and the seats of such permanence in nature for their guaranteed and assured lives. And almost the concept of the people in such fields is proved successful since its inception to the present form of the presents and prime ministers in the global states.
And the state has become the rich and very much potential like an agency filled by the humans in which two types of people share it and gains control over the state and central treasure on the people in general and it is the real asset of those who are near and closest to those are in power would play the lead role in discharging the duties of the state. The elected representatives and the bureaucracy in every level from the gram panchayat to parliament which are empowered to take certain decisions within the limits of the rules and utilize the grants sanctioned by government and the government at state and central level which are elected by the voters through the elections.
Here the question is that these posts from the attendant to the parliamentary affairs of the government of India in Indian parliament to the health worker of the gram panchayat level are all human beings. And they are the global in nature but local in practical level. If the Sarpanch of any gram panchayat who’s nature as a human and his financial condition directs him to keep him in his limits and he himself confines to the same gram panchayat only. But his global ideological nature would never be calculated from the point of the position of the gram panchayat level. In United States many Indians occupy highest positions in the government affairs. In the success stories of many individuals in India, we listen and read about those once worked as the sales man of the soaps carrying the bag to the handle of his bicycle, now reached in the list of top hundred in the Indian list of the richest. Not only one the case, but many in hundreds or even more in such a level they earned much more that what they could not even see such huge amounts in the open way of market and through the state.
The system of capitalism is mixed with the private, and global and state with each one’s effects up on each. In essence, the state including its organs, executive, legislative, judiciary and it’s fourth (estate) media both print and electronic does not generate directly any income to the treasury of all these branches, but all these are depended upon all these branches. The state with its all organs will get the taxes, royalties, rents, interest, both in direct and indirect form, gets service charges, if I say in depth, banking, railways, bsnl, and roads all the income in the form income ,comes to the state’s treasuries. In its major role in the market the state has been emerged to the highest position like a corporate body in the terms of capital only.
On the whole, in the market of Indian society, the commodities level, its level in generating the commodities could never be seen as a producer to the needy, market of the producers. But in the other way of the service sector, it is proved as a giant in bsnl, oil companies, railways, other public sector companies and corporations. In this field the public sector companies list, the direst one department was opened to sell all the companies with its assets to the private companies in open action, what it they called it “disinvestment” in the past and it is not now in that much of rise in the past under the nda government in India.
The share of the government of India and all state governments may occupy the least share on the over all market value of all commodities of the people in the Indian market and the same formula could be applied to every state, including United States. In essence the open market of India for all the essential commodities in which the value and share of the state (in common word) both central and states occupies in decimals only, but not in percentage. Consequently the heavy establishments of the state and its all organs would never contribute to the people directly by producing the essential or commercial commodities for the cost at least to resume a social role in the Indian political society. State has no role to produce any commodity to the market as a producer of the commodities exempting the services in the field of service sector.
Hence the state is entirely belonged to the category of non-productive field and the role of the forth estate, is authorized by the state to sell their new
Papers and their television news and current affairs channels only. While in assessing the needs of the very lower level and below poverty line people, common category, lower middle, middle of the middle, upper middle of the middle, rich, top hundred in every state, and finally one thousand of the Indian and only hundred in Indian level with covering the global level list of top hundred. It is the list of ten categories of the Indian people and its market economy only calculated by avoiding the foreign market commodities in Indian markets.
In the broad sense, the people whose immediate needs could be identified as essential one despite considering the mind on the expenditure on other than needy ones in daily and routine life in India. In the list of food, shelter, clothes, these are in the list of compulsory. The next need comes into the list is entertainment, cosmetics, transportation, education, and communication. The luxuries are in the next list of lower middle class. And it goes up to the global level according to the privileged level and their lives are more or less comfortable with their passions, thoughts and aspirations. This section has every way live on its own way for them and they have been allowed by the every social, economical and political sanction in Indian society as well as in other states too.
No country’s( the term, state’s within the meaning of its territories of the time only) history is exempted from such activity of expansionism during the period of the slavery, to the present status of permanent capitalism which has many shock absorbers in its own adjustments for its survival with lead for continuation in the world. During the time of slavery, the king’s duty was to wage the wars and win the territory, with protection of the people on low level tax impositions. While in emergence of the new sections from the society to lead it into a new form of feudal form the war rules were emerged in the attacks. Sparing, women, children, and aged in attacks. Status level attack was in practice and the no lower level of the army commander allowed attacking his higher level army man. No night attacks were allowed against each other. All such laws were come into force from the change of time and development of the social laws in the states. No uniform laws were implemented.
The role of invasions generated from the royal necessity as well as the need of the society to which the state was responsible and the kingdoms were surrounded by the strong walls as city areas and the royal palaces were built under the protection of the hilly and rock areas guarded army. In ancient, slave feudal, and capitalist societies, the role of the lead of both society and state, including productive and non-productive forces were moving jointly hand-in hand with other, simply avoiding the working in the productive field and playing a leading role in non-productive role of human beings indicate the way of their thinking and confirm that they want to live in such a way what they wanted through which they would attain maximum gain and fame with their identification among other members.
At the same time the collection of the taxes, temple affairs, and other tributary wealth in royal treasures (till the time of coins and currency) on one side, on the other side in the society, the people those who were not associated with the rural artisan works attracted by the king’s affairs and contributed a lot to the royal treasure with wealth through the inactions and plunder. These two factors in the society led the mighty and courageous to lead their lives towards royal adventures of the war and resuming the role the God whose duties were to fulfill the dreams of the people with protection of their lives and the lord of the justice. In the sense of every body in society, whether he is working for the purpose society and for the king or not, is only important and essential one for anybody in the society. But it is not his duty to think that the work only in the productive field is compulsory or necessary but everybody thinks that he is working for the subjects of the kind or its related fields only. In essence the justifying authority of the work in either productive or non-productive is not important for him, but it is only important that whether he is working from morning to evening at certain place for the specified period in a week or in month was important for everybody.
This principle is the leading force and the driving source in all the societies from community based lives of the humans to the present lives of the multi-national company’s plastic waste management daily labor. The business opportunities creation and management in every time was and is the need of getting the people more and more into its fold and offers the wage plan to those who wanted to offer themselves to work on the terms of the employers only. And the freeness in selection of the works and the skills for it was made essentials to suit to the claim.
The choice of working on the conditions of the employers was not made compulsory in every time except during the slave system of the Egyptian pharaohs’ period. Before Egyptians there were many claims over the transforming and emerging to the state of ruling in the darkness and mysteries of the period at the African region where the human origin and its traces are well known through their transitional periods of humans either in the biblical sources and other than biblical resources confirming about the human settlements which ware and are to be found out through some more inventions about the historical developments in the human society.
The passage of the human society through the developments in every sphere into newness with the feasibility of its fitness permanently for further developments on the basis of wide range of its acceptance in the society as a precondition for every newness in every advanced and development in such every sphere including productive and non-productive forces. So that it is necessary to find further about the way of developments within the sphere of every field from ancient societies to the present state of capitalism. We know the slave society had been come into force in Egypt first we all are aware it but the other factors in the same societies could not be easily understood without going through the complete details of the system of the pharaohs in Egyptian and Ethiopian societies in ancient times.
Once again we go back to the point where from we moved to all these detailed discussions. Ethiopian settlements which could be considered as a source of the developments in the civilization for the transformation of humans from the forests and caves to the settlements and could be developed further to the stage of the slave societies in the history of the civilizations in the world. And its middle period of the community level lives to the level of slavery in the societies would be identified in the interest of linking the complete period of transitions from time to time to present the subject in complete form. Outer side of the inventions and archaeology is based on the biblical evidences which could indicate like a signboards to reach the destination of finding the factors still essential ones to affirm all these were the players in leading the society into its own form with its pace. However, widening opportunities from within each of the productive and non-productive fields were primarily depended upon the development of knowledge both in productive and in non-productive fields. The invention of iron, copper, and other metals were used in the field of army as well in the domestic services.
The division of Israel was happened in 926bc (in one account and do not correspond the year for the claim of occurrence in such a year), and continued till the year of 721 b c with the two wars between Rehoboam and Jeroboam. In 721 B.C the northern area of Israel which was under the rule of Rehoboam was attacked and conquered by the Assyrian king. The ten tribes of Israelis out of twelve were under the control of Judah kingdom under rehoboam were started by driving out by the Assyrians and other people belonged to the rule of Assyrians at that time.
The reasons were mostly stated to be the driven by the faith of Judaism up on which mostly from the period from Saul to Solomon continued and the major difference between the two kings were stated that those who were successful have been led by the opinions of the elders who always asked the kings to follow the faith what they believe to follow in their lives. The most important thing for the people of at hat time was the security of the people from the attacks of the neighbor states and from their kings who were driven by the zeal of the faiths.
The Israel state was directly emerged from the out side of its place where it had developed through the exodus of the Moses’ leadership and his contribution in forming the state on the basis of religion based on the emancipation of the slaves from their slavery. The people were in belief that the new king Rahoboam would cause some relief from their yoke what his father Solomon imposed on them. On the day of meeting with the king they expressed such hope from the king but he harshly replies even more he would cause them burden with his orders.
The argument is here between the people and the king as “‘Your father put a heavy yoke on us, but make our yoke lighter’—tell them, ‘My little finger is thicker than my father’s waist. 11 My father laid on you a heavy yoke; I will make it even heavier. My father scourged you with whips; I will scourge you with scorpions.’ On the reply from the king the people returned to their homes at that moment. The king sent the in charge of forced labor, Adoniram, but he stoned to death by the people and the king escaped from them and escaped to Jerusalem in chariot and the same day the rebellion against the house of David too taken place.
The king was never heard the people who wanted to present their plight were received such reply they began to move out from there, in later times her son, brother of rehoboam was descended the throne after the reign of seventeen years. The reasons behind the rebellion of the people against their king could be seen in at least in forms. Of them one was the burden they have been bearing increase day by day from the period of King David to rehoboam who was proved cruel and harsh against the people and the people whose faith was based on the Judaism at that time as they found comfort under the control of the lord directly.
The mighty warriors of one hundred and eighty thousand who were under the control of the elders, continuing from the time of Solomon in that society at that time, as one of the three reasons behind the revolt against the king. All these three factors were led them towards the king and complete rebellion against the Jerusalem. On the other side, jeroboam, whose ties and relations with the Egyptian king while, living at Egypt from the period of Solomon who wanted to kill him made easy to cause the feeling of the people of both side of the Israel invited the invasion of the Egyptian king against rehoboam, during the fifth year of his reign. The strong elderly support which was once in the favor of the king turned from him to stand on their own against the real causes of the people was to be treated the key point in the rebellions by maintaining the strong mighty men as their force in well coordinated manner, at that time.
All these factors led them to turn against the king. In that society at that time the social elders, temple in charges, military in charges, forced labor in charges, tax collectors, and other governmental in charges kings’ palace men all such fields were already taken strong shape of the posts were emerged and developed as permanent sources for those who were in eager to fill with the individuals and had become strong to allure the people from the society to fill with the individuals. The state was already in fullest form.
In the fifth year of Rehoboam, shishak, the king of Egypt attacked Jerusalem, and took away all the shields of the gold prepared and preserved by King Solomon. The gold from the royal palace of the king was also not spared in plundering the Jerusalem, Rehoboam, had replaced already the golden shields from the temple with bronze which led the Egypt king to plunder the royal palaces.
The gold and precious ornaments were concentrated in the temples and the royal palaces, so that the plundering the neighboring states were one of the reasons of motivations for attacks. Before this attack on Jerusalem temple it is claimed that prior to this attack at least two more arracks were recorded on the different accounts on the dates, but a little information is available about the two attacks. In the year 1425 b. c a small seize was carried out by the Israeli people on Jerusalem and another one is claimed that it was taken in the year of 1046 b. c by David against Jobsites (2Samuel 5:6-10; 1Chronicles 12:23-39). Moreover, hundreds of wives and royal concubine from the time of King David continued to till this time of attack.
On the subject of belief of that time in the society and in the minds of the royal circles and in families also were motivated to attack the other states as a matter of gaining support of the majority people of the societies as a pre condition of social sanctions on the acts of the kings in the history. The king of Judah, Rehoboam, and the Israeli king jeroboam were continued their wars against each other for upper hand over one another was the main cause of the wars between these two countries. Jeroboam was the self styled and the most charismatic servant of the Solomon at that time when he was alive and had been attracted by the Solomon himself in the work of constructions what he was assigned to him. Moreover he developed his relations with Egyptian king while staying at his kingdom for the entire period of the life of Solomon.
There is no specific contributions were seen during the period of Rehoboam. His name would never be saved from the curse of Judah and Israeli history for splitting the state into two parts quite against the spirit of the Moses, the lord of the Judaism. At last he died and buried in the same place of city of David his mother, who was known as naamah, an ammonite, his son, Abhija, succeeded as the king of Judah.
The king of Egypt, shishak, whose army contained 1200 chariots, 60000 horsemen, and number of troops from the different nationalities such as Libyans, sukkites, kusshites, were under his command, so that the expedition carried out against Judah. The utilization of ‘chariots’ in the army is in a question on the account of time line with the rig Vedic narration on the chariots in Indian wars of epic age. And the king satisfied with the booty by the Israelis’ another king, jeroboam. Shishak’s campaign of plundering in the year of 925 b. c could prove how the temple of Solomon was, on giving 383 tones of gold and silver to the Egyptian temples by the son of shashak after his death.
The focus of the developments and the centre of the decisions were changed from the kingdoms of both Judah and Israeli to the Egyptian pharaoh’s dynasties at that time. So it is primarily important to check the link of the pharaohs dynasties of Egyptian mythology to the reality of the kingdoms could be checked and the similarities of the gods and Indian gods in the thinking of the spirituality of the people could be compared with a view to find the exact point of derivation about the feelings of such gods with the replacements of the ideologies of the people in their minds could be measured by the newly formed ideas of religions at that time and after the Moses religion of old testament as well as new the conditions of the societies at the time of Jesus Christ’s Birth and his death.
The history of Egyptian pharaohs and their conspiracies, killings, deaths, of each other in the entire kings’ dynasties were almost similar with remaining other world history of the kings for the power. The name in the list of the kings the first is Manes (3100 b c e to 3038 b c e) though many may differ about it to confirm but all should agree about his real existence in human form and he ruled sixty two years and known to the people as he was united the lower and upper Egypt as a first pharaoh in the pharaoh’s dynasties in the Egyptian history.
Many dynasties were named in the entire history of Egypt, including divine deities which could be more than thirty in number and their names could be more than one hundred and seventy. Manes the king as the first in uniting the upper and lower areas into one dynasty, and he could never be negligible in identifying with the expedition of the nimrod who invaded Egypt according the Osiris whose name in the genesis and began his career in Mesopotamia. He belonged to the Kush area and it is in African region. His expedition point could be Kush of African region and expanded from there to Mesopotamia to Egypt and known as the first king of the Egyptian dynasties in ancient Egyptian period. For some reason for following the link of the dynasties of that pre-biblical and biblical periods the origin leads to the African region in which the human origins were taken place in the all the way either Darwinian concept of evolutionary theory of the human, or of the biblical belief behind origin of the human beings.
One more prime contender in this filed in claiming the origins and traces of the humans is Indian mythology and its latest findings of the right wing Hinduism(which is very different from the common opinion on religion. Hinduism is a bunch of hundreds of castes under one roof of the Hinduism in India and the origin of the castes in the common context also differed from other common origins of the castes of other religions like Hebrew, Christian and Islam in its respective religions in the world) forces who are trying very much to link up the proto-history of the origin and traces of human beings. Because the reversal theory of the Aryan invasion is very much supportive for its claim through the horse plays of dr. raja ram in recent years. If he fulfills the theoretical arguments on his finding further more, every one should accept it without any hesitation and biases on the basis of religious beliefs and faiths. Gods, kings and demigods in the Egyptian spirituality, the existence of the demigods could be identified with the popular saying with the genesis and with other evidences out of biblical supports there. For example, the statues of Mahatma Gandhi, Subhas Chandra Bose, Dr. B R Ambedkar, Jawarlal Nehru, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Jagjivan Ram, Rajiv Gandhi, Indira Gandhi, and few other leaders, would be worshipped and treated as gods by the coming generations, if their history with time line could not be written on their plaques to avoid the misunderstandings about them in future. It is something like a case in the absence of the evidences about the written history about the first king whose origin and starting point for the invasion of the Babylonian, and Egyptian territories, was Kush area of African region. At the same time, the blank period in prehistory in the Indian subjects like castes and on its origins I discuss in detail in next article.
The identification of the Kush region is known to the modern world is Ethiopia which was first in the African civilizations in the world. It is not the word of Hindu Kush of Hindu slaughter of the 10th century A.D of the medieval history. The Egyptian religious practices were directly influenced by the Ethiopian beliefs which were more about the gods than the kings and the traces and origin of the conquests of the Babylonians kings and their lists are indicating that their ancient gods in the mythological and real gods list in which who stood first was the king whose origin is found in Egyptians kings and his expedition point was from the Ethiopian territory of kush.
The Greek historian Diodorus Siculus, who was lived in first century B.C, supported the claim of confirming about the origin of the Osiris who was the conqueror of the Egypt. In essence the Egyptian customs and their way of life prior to the invasion of the Egyptians in their main lands, the Ethiopians driven out the Egyptians from their colonies. At the same time the Egyptians were habituated the original practices of the Egyptians in the burials and in the habits of worshipping the god-kings in their lives. And the priest class was the main source in resuming such practices in the lives of the Ethiopians prior to the Egyptians gods. So that both Egyptians and Ethiopians had the similar practices in their customs and burials there in the entire region.
The Indian mythology is something different from its burial practices and in food habits at that time. But the commonality on the priest class in India played direct role in molding the minds of the people at the composition period of rig Veda. Mummification of the Egyptian kings and nobles were directly influenced by the Ethiopians and prior to the conquests of the other territories by the Babylonian kings, there were the Ethiopian kings in the history of the kings in the world till now. Indians or even more remote period of the history of the civilizations, in the persuasion of origin and traces of the first kings’ history, any claim from the Ethiopians or other biblical kings’ states for the first state and for its first king in the world history, this opinion would be changed.
The evidence for such claim of the rule of Ethiopians over the Egypt which was stated to be more than three thousand years could be noted through the writings of the priest and Egyptian historian of the third century, b .c, named Manetho whose list of kings although not acceptable on the ground of myths and his mythological claiming over the period of gods in the regions in years to gather. The following view is supportive for the claim of first king as Osiris of this region and the biblical reference of the king, Nimod, both are supportive in finding the fist in the list of the kings in these entire region including Babylonians, Egyptians, and Ethiopians In the ancient history.” After the dead and the demigods comes the First Dynasty, with 8 kings of whom Menes was the first. He was an excellent leader. In what follows are recorded the rulers from all of the ruling houses in succession.
Dynasty One, 1st King – Menes of Thinis, whom Herodotus calls Men, and his 7 descendents. He ruled 62 years. He led the army across the frontier and won great glory. He was killed by a hippopotamus'”
Hence the first king of the Egyptian dynasty to which he was the first and invaded the Egypt. His dynasty had five kings in this region. He had been killed by hippopotamus. In an account Narmer Aha Dier, Diet, Den and queen Memeith were the kings of the Egypt. It is still not clear about the two names, narmer, and manes that are claimed to be the names of one king. (To be continued in 7 of 10)